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Introduction to Electronics
News and announcements
 The final exam is going to be a closed book exam, no formula sheet. A calculator is allowed, provided it does not have text storage. A ruler and sharp pencils are recommended.
 The final exam is scheduled for April 20, 2024, 19:0022:00, in ST216 (formerly, Academic South 216).
Earlier announcements
The grading scheme
Component 
Worth 
Comments 
Homework 
20% 
Expect a homework assignment every week or so; full marks given for demonstrated effort. Late penalty is a sinking cap of 15%/day. 
Labs 
32% 
All labs must be completed, and all lab reports submitted. 
Midterm 
10% 
An inclass written test: problems similar to homework, full marks require correct answers. 
Final 
30% 
A written final: problems similar to homework, full marks require correct answers. 50% minimum to pass the course. 
8% 
A lab test: analysis of a "blackbox" (unknown) circuit. 
Topics to be covered
This is only an approximate listing, some topics may not get covered this year.
As time allows, other topics not listed here may be included.
 Basic physical concepts
 charge, voltage, current, resistance, power
 DC circuits
 circuit reduction
 Kirchhoff's rules
 equivalent circuits
 Transient currents
 capacitors, inductors
 generalization of Ohm's Law
 MATH: simple differential equations
 resonance phenomena
 Sinusoidal currents, simple AC circuits
 MATH: complex numbers
 phasors
 time and frequencydomain descriptions of AC circuits
 Fourier transform
 resonant circuits and their analysis, Q factor
 RC and RL circuits as filters; decibels
 AC equivalent circuits
 transformers
 Nonlinear circuit elements
 elementary physics of semiconductors, pnjunction
 diodes and rectifiers
 transistors and their use as switches and amplifiers
 bipolar transistors and JFETs
 Operational amplifiers
 general amplifier theory; feedback
 opamp concepts: virtual ground, summing point
 simple opamp circuits
 math operations using opamps
 signal modulation and demodulation
 lockin amplifier
 Noise
 Mathematics of Digital Circuits
 binary and other encodings
 Boolean algebra
 truth tables
 basic logic gates
 logic families
 Combinatorial Logic Devices
 encoders/decoders
 bus drivers
 7segment displays
 Sequential Logic Devices
 flipflops
 synchronous and asynchronous counters
 Digital I/O and Communications
 Complex Digital Circuitry
 computer architecture
 microprocessors
 DSPs
 Programmable Logic Arrays
 AnalogtoDigital and Back
 AtoD and DtoA converters
 sensors and transducers
 control and time sequencing
 MicrocontrollerBased Devices
 microcontroller architecture
 PIC microcontrollers
 assemblylanguage programming

